Toronto Centre Eye Care
#103, 180 Dundas St W Toronto ON M5G 1Z8 (416) 597-3937

Toronto, ON / (416) 597-3937

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Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Regular Eye Exams Could Protect You From The Effects of Age-Related Macular Degeneration

AMD or age-related macular degeneration is the most common cause of vision loss among Canadians. This disease usually develops without symptoms, slowly damaging your eyesight. By the time patients notice the damage, they have already undergone irreversible vision loss. The best and only way to detect AMD is through regular eye exams.

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What is the Macula?

To understand macular degeneration, we first must become acquainted with the macula.

The back of the eye is covered with a system of tissues called the retina. On the centre of the retina is a small cluster of cells called the macula. These cells are particularly light sensitive and are responsible for picking up details in our vision. The ability to read and recognise faces comes from the macula.

What is Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration describes specific processes by which the macula can decay or become damaged. This damage results in vision loss which usually manifests as dark spots or shadows in the patient’s central vision. In some cases, AMD can also cause straight lines to appear wavy or distorted.

Types of AMD

AMD is broken down into categories based on how the macula sustains damage. These categories are known as wet form and dry form.

As you age, fatty deposits called drusen can start to collect in the eye. If a large collection of drusen develops around the macula, that light-sensitive tissue can start to degenerate. Dry form AMD is much more common than the wet form but is also less severe.

Blood vessels in and around the retina often become damaged with age. The body tries to replace the damaged blood vessels by growing new ones; however, the new ones are typically weak and abnormal. As a result, the new blood vessels can leak into the eye or create scarring. This scarring damages the macular tissue. Wet form AMD is uncommon but very severe and requires careful monitoring and treatment to avoid significant vision loss.

AMD Treatments

There are a variety of treatments available to prevent or delay vision loss due to AMD. Most optometrists recommend drug treatments which are injected directly into the eye, although laser treatments can also be used. There is a type of treatment that combines the injection method with the laser therapy method.

Research suggests that certain nutrients and antioxidants can help prevent or delay the development of age-related macular degeneration. Vitamins C and E, as well as zinc, have all been linked to AMD prevention. There are also nutritional supplements designed specifically to promote eye health. Ask your pharmacist to help you find the eye health vitamins.

Visit Our Downtown Toronto Office

We are located on Dundas Street West, in the Java Joe's Building.

downtown toronto


#103, 180 Dundas St W
Toronto, ON M5G 1Z8

Contact Information

Phone +1 (416) 597-3937 (EYES)
Email [email protected]
Fax +1 (416) 597-3967



7.00 am - 7.00 pm
7.00 am - 7.00 pm
7.00 am - 7.00 pm
7.00 am - 7.00 pm
9.00 am - 4.00 pm
Monthly by appointment

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